Interesting Facts About Maryland

  • In 1828 St. Francis Academy was the first dental school in the world. This became the Baltimore College of Dental Surgery in 1839.
  • In 1844 the first telegraph line in the world was established between Washington and Baltimore.
  • Francis Scott Key wrote “The Star-Spangled Banner” after seeing the flag still waving during a battle in 1814.
  • Mary Pickersgill designed the flag that flew over Ft. McHenry during the War of 1812.
  • In 1856 Charles Benedict Calvert created the first agricultural research college in the United States. The Maryland Agricultural College became the University of Maryland at College Park.
  • The USS Constellation docked in Baltimore is the last ship to survive from the Civil War.
  • In 1830 the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Company built the first railroad station in Baltimore.
  • During revolutionary times Rockville was known as Hungerford’s Tavern the name of its most familiar landmark. One of the first calls to freedom from British rule was heard at the tavern in 1774.
  • The Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is considered a masterpiece and one of the finest 19th century buildings in the world. The basilica is the first cathedral in the United States. Baltimore represents the first Roman Catholic diocese.
  • Fort Meade near Laurel became a base because a train engineer delivering soldiers to Meade knew only one Meade, the one in Maryland. He was not aware of Fort Meade, Florida. The confusion happened so often a second base was built in Maryland in an attempt to avoid the confusion.
  • King Williams School opened in 1696 it was the first school in the United States.
  • The first dental school in the United States opened at the University of Maryland.
  • Babe Ruth, the Sultan of Swat, was born in Baltimore and attended Saint Mary’s Industrial School.
  • Other Major League Ball player besides “The Babe” born in Maryland include Cal Ripken, Jr., Billy Ripken, Lefty Grove, Frank (Home Run) Baker, Harold Baines, Al Kaline, Denny Neagle, and Jimmie Foxx.
  • Tilghman Island is home to the Skipjacks, the only commercial sailing fleet in North America.
  • America’s national anthem was written by Francis Scott Key a Maryland lawyer. It is believed Key wrote the anthem on September 14, 1814 while watching the bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor.
  • Since May 30th, 1949 the United States flag has flown continuously over the monument marking the site of Francis Scott Key’s birthplace. The flag flies at Terra Rubra Farm, Carroll County, Keymar, Maryland as mandated by a Joint Resolution of Congress.
  • The National Aquarium is located in Baltimore’s Inner Harbor.
  • The 1,200 foot Francis Scott Key Bridge in Baltimore is the second longest continuous truss bridge in the nation.
  • The 4.03 mile William Preston Lane Memorial (The Bay Bridge), joins the western part of Maryland to the eastern shore and crosses the Chesapeake Bay.
  • Annapolis is known as the sailing capital of the world.
  • Located in the Chesapeake Bay, Smith Island is Maryland’s only inhabited off-shore island.
  • The highest point in Maryland is 3,360 feet above sea level on Backbone Mountain in Garrett County. The absolute lowest point in Maryland is a depression, often called Bloody Point Hole, 174 feet below sea level. The area is located approximately 1 mile west-southwest of the southern tip of Kent Island in Queen Anne’s County.
  • The Maryland State House is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use.
  • Chincoteague’s are famous ponies from Assateague Island.
  • Dredging and tonging are methods for harvesting oysters.